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Wednesday 07 November ,2018

The National Archives launches (Guardians of the Golden Shore) at its Sharjah book platform

The National Archives launches (Guardians of the Golden Shore) at its Sharjah book platform

The National Archives of the United Arab Emirates launched its latest publication, the book (Guardians of the Golden Shore), at its stand at the Sharjah International Book Fair 2018. The book reviews aspects of the history of the eastern and southern regions of the Arabian Peninsula, including Oman and the UAE, since prehistoric times. And the activities of the inhabitants of this region in several historical periods, and the chapters of the book deal with the development of the emirates of the state.

In its introduction, the book indicates that the United Arab Emirates has gone through a state of great transformation since the discovery of oil. It began to transform from a traditional society into a modern state, but its past has not been forgotten because of its people's keen interest in history.

The first chapter of the book is titled: (The Desert, the Sea, and the Mountain: Eastern Arabia in Prehistoric Times). Pearls, and the impact of climate on the formation of people's lives, and the division of the people of the region into desert nomads, sea pioneers, and mountain dwellers.

The second chapter documents (the emergence of Oman, the Arabian Gulf, and Bani Yas 1909-630), and focuses on the arrival of Islam to the UAE region, the spread of palm cultivation, the arrival of Portuguese forces to it, the Dutch era there, then British interests, the brightness of the Bani Yas alliance, and the transition The residence of Sheikh Shakhbout bin Diab in the year 1795 AD to Abu Dhabi, and indicates that Abu Dhabi owns a large fleet; It was basically a desert sheikhdom, unlike Ras al-Khaimah, Sharjah and Dubai, which were all sea sheikhdoms.

The third chapter deals with (The People of the Seas: Al-Qawasim, the British, and the Trucial Coast 1718-1906), stopping at the era of the British, the prosperity of trade, especially in the port of Dubai, and the signs of the emergence of Dubai as an important player in development with the beginnings of the oil boom.

The fourth chapter focused on the jewels of the sea: the rise and fall of the pearl industry (1508-1949), and the chapter shows that pearl diving was popular in the region, and pearls were the master of the situation, but soon his trade declined as his prices fell, and this chapter describes the reality of life that he suffered from The workers in this field, and the prosperity achieved by pearls for the region.

The fifth chapter was entitled: (Something in the Air: Dubai and the Northern Sheikdoms 1901-1939), and the sixth chapter came on (The Hunger Years: The Trucial Coast during World War II 1939-1945), in which the book indicates that the war conflicts did not reach the Trucial Coast, but Its effects were evident in the people, and that era is known as the “time of hunger.” When the war ended with the victory of the Allies, the celebrations that were held on the Trucial Coast did not reflect its reality. It took years to recover.

The seventh chapter was about (sweet crude: Abu Dhabi and the discovery of oil 1909-1971). This chapter summarizes the stage of oil discovery, its details and development, and in the eighth chapter, which was entitled: A plan for the establishment of the Trucial States (1945-1968), the book stops at the political and environmental rituals of this stage, which was It preaches the union to be one of the most prosperous countries in the world, and this chapter monitors the signs of the union and the establishment of the state, and the continuous development in the Emirates, and the author affirms the saying that the United Arab Emirates has achieved in fifty years what the major industrial countries achieved in 300 years.
Chapter Nine (United Despite Separation: The Union and Beyond) shows what Britain's relations with the Persian Gulf and the Arab countries have reached. The chapter follows the political circumstances in the region, the circumstances of the British withdrawal, and the beginnings of the union.

The last chapters of the book were titled (Only One Tribe: The United Arab Emirates), bringing the reader to a development that no one could have imagined. >
The book is supported by sources, references, and historical photographs that add clarity to its chapters. 

Book: Guardians of the Golden Shore (History of the United Arab Emirates
Publisher: The National Archives, Abu Dhabi, 2018, first edition, 210 pages.

Written by: Michael Quentin Morton.

Translation: National Archives.