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Saturday 28 May ,2022

The National Library and Archives issues a new edition of (Liwa) journal in a distinguished new look consistent with its document-based national content

The National Library and Archives issues a new edition of (Liwa) journal in a distinguished new look consistent with its document-based national content

Concurrently with the Abu Dhabi International Book Fair 2022, the National Library and Archives launched the bi-annual refereed scientific (Liwa) journal, issued in Arabic and English, in its new look, both in paper and digital forms, at its participating platform at the book- fair.
On this occasion, His Excellency Abdullah Majid Al Ali, Acting Director- General of the National Library and Archives said: This journal’s new look reflects to the reader an impression of its valuable content of scientific and academic research. We look forward to presenting qualitative research and studies through the journal’s various editions to enrich the Emirati, Arab and international library with the UAE glorious history and ancient heritage, and to shed light on the Emirati archeology, which stands as irrefutable evidence of its ancient history.
H.E. added, "We look forward to incorporating this magazine with the National Library and Archives valuable publications on which researchers, academics and all interested in the history and heritage of the UAE and the Gulf region rely." The Liwa journal's research and studies’ significance is further enhanced because they are based on documented and reliable information.
His Excellency further added: We call on all writers and researchers on the history and heritage of the UAE and the Gulf region and invite them to participate with their valuable studies, and historic or academic research in the Liwa journal to contribute to enriching the general cultural scene with such an extensive reference that will surely enrich their studies and publications.
The new edition of Liwa journal:
The Liwa journal twenty-seventh edition included six research papers in Arabic, the first of which is: Zayed, the Leader of the people and the nation, in which Dr. Jayanti Robin Maitra sheds light on the historic and unique status which the UAE Founder and Builder, Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan assumed as an exceptional Leader on whose hands success and prosperity were achieved in all fields. The research tackled his upbringing, high morals, his transfer from Abu Dhabi to Al Ain, his moral traits and rise as a leader, his unmatched generosity, his reign of the Emirate of Abu Dhabi, his ideals, theory of governance, leadership, his keen interest in education, his glorious fruitful efforts in unifying the emirates and the establishment of the UAE, and his firm support for peace and just causes globally. The research concluded by mentioning the UAE people's great love for their Late Father and Leader who will always live on in their hearts, and their loyalty and devotion to him.
In the second research paper, entitled: "Military Affairs in Oman and the Trucial States in the First Half of the Twentieth Century", Dr. Bahiya bint Saeed Al-Adhubiya discussed the Gulf region people’s beating some major powers in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries and even before; by virtue of their land and naval leadership and military skills. By time, the region managed to increase its land and naval forces, as well as its equipment, and to develop its armament and equipment. The research mentioned the key military terms in Oman and the Trucial States in the first half of the twentieth century.

 In the third research paper, entitled: The Story of the First Oil Concession in Abu Dhabi (1939-2014), Dr. Hamdan Al-Derai discussed the impact of oil on economy and focused on the prosperity witnessed by Abu Dhabi and its surroundings following the oil discovery and its consequent reflection on the economy.

The fourth research paper: "Gwadar Airport and Al-Mahatta Airport (in Sharjah) are important stations for British flights" - indicates that the British government realized that air, military and civil transportation is absolutely necessary to connect the vast empire’s regions. The problem that faced British military and civil aviation to India in 1920 was that the distance between Muscat and Gwadar was 266 miles above the sea, and at the time planes could not cover all that distance without landing; Accordingly, an agreement between Britain and Persia was necessary.
The fifth research paper recounts the history of "the coins and its usage as a commercial commodity in the emirates of the western coast of the Arabian Gulf before minting the national currency" noting that the use of other countries’ currencies paved the way for such currencies’ transformation into an imported commodity, in addition to the local demand for it in the Gulf markets to finance various commercial operations and foreign investments and local economic activities.
The Researcher Suhaila Al-Mansoori presented the book "The History of the Ya'ariba in Oman in the Period 1623-1747".
The journal included four other research papers in English, namely: "Zayed, the Leader of the people and the nation", "The Trucial Oman Scouts’ Contribution  to Sawt Al Sahel Radio", and "The Military in Oman and Trucial States in the First Half of the Twentieth Century", and "The Various British Archives" as Gulf  history sources in the post-digital era.